The Network is a collaborative forum that serves as a communications link for justice system participants, educators, community representatives, and others with an interest in public legal education activity. The Network has an advisory role to OJEN’s Board and Executive Director.
Court of Appeal for Ontario
The Honourable Warren K. Winkler, Chief Justice of Ontario, presides over the Court of Appeal for Ontario. The Court of Appeal is currently composed of 24 judges who, sitting in panels of three, hear over 1500 civil and criminal appeals each year. These appeals relate to wide variety of issues including commercial, administrative, family, and criminal law matters. The issues that the Court deals with range from an analysis of the law relating to contracts, negligence, bankruptcy, criminal procedure, the principles of sentencing, and rules of evidence, to issues of child custody, human rights and the application of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The Ontario Court of Appeal is the busiest appellate court in Canada and is, for all practical purposes, the last avenue of appeal for litigants in about 98% of cases that come before it.
The Court of Appeal for Ontario occupies part of the architecturally beautiful Osgoode Hall, a designated National Historic Site, located in downtown Toronto, Ontario. Both Osgoode Hall and proceedings before the Court of Appeal are open to the public.
The Superior Court of Justice
The Honourable Chief Justice Heather Forster Smith, the Honourable Associate Chief Justice Douglas Cunningham, and approximately 295 other federally appointed judges make up Ontario's Superior Court of Justice. The Superior Court is subdivided into eight geographic regions, with a Regional Senior Justice appointed for each region.
The Superior Court of Justice exercises a wide jurisdiction over civil and criminal matters in the province. For example, it hears all civil suits above $10,000, summary conviction appeals from the Ontario Court of Justice, conducts bail reviews, and hears criminal cases involving the prosecution of indictable offences. The Superior Court of Justice also has a Motions Court, which considers a multitude of matters, including injunctions, but does not conduct trials. Trials at the Superior Court of Justice are heard by a single judge or by judge and jury.
In addition, the Superior Court of Justice has jurisdiction in specific areas:
- Family Court, which hears disputes involving divorce or property claims, child and spousal support, and custody and access claims (in areas where the Family Court branch of the Superior Court of Justice exists, the Superior Court hears all family matters, including child protection issues).
- Divisional Court, which does not conduct trials, but is an appellate court that hears appeals and judicially reviews decisions, such as those of administrative tribunals like school boards, police commissions and municipal boards. Amongst other matters, the Divisional Court also hears appeals from civil cases heard in the Superior Court of Justice involving $25,000 or less. Divisional Court may be conducted by a single judge or by a three-judge panel.
- Small Claims Court, which hears civil actions for claims under $10,000. While there are some permanently appointed Small Claims Court judges, the court is usually presided over by senior lawyers appointed to act as deputy judges.
The Ontario Court of Justice
The Ontario Court of Justice is one of Ontario’s two trial Courts. With jurisdiction both in criminal and family matters, it is composed of 275 judges and 320 justices of the peace, and presided over by the Chief Justice, the Honourable Annemarie E. Bonkalo. The Court is divided into seven administrative regions, each with its own Regional Senior Justice and Regional Senior Justice of the Peace and sits throughout the province at over 200 separate court locations.
Principally a criminal trial court, the Ontario Court of Justice receives and disposes of over 95% of all criminal matters in Ontario. The Court also retains significant family law jurisdiction in approximately 60% of the province where the Family Court Branch of the Superior Court of Justice has yet to be established.
Judges of the Court hear:
- Criminal prosecutions of indictable and summary conviction offences
- Prosecutions involving young persons under the Youth Criminal Justice Act
- Preliminary Inquiries
- Provincial Offences Act appeals from decisions of justices of the peace
- Child protection applications
- Family law disputes involving custody, access and support
- Adoption applications
Justices of the Peace hear:
- Bail hearings
- Prosecutions of provincial offences
Ministry of the Attorney General
The Ministry of the Attorney General is responsible for managing the Ontario justice system. The Ministry operates more than 250 criminal, civil and family courts and is responsible for over 100 statutes, with the assistance of more than 1,300 staff lawyers, including 500 civil lawyers, and 700 Crown attorneys, who prosecute half a million charges each year.
The Ministry supports legal education to increase public understanding of the justice system and to help people entering the justice system become better informed. Ministry publications include How to Make Small Claims Court Work For You and The Criminal Appeal Process in Ontario which provides information for victims of crime. The Ministry also provides education and information sessions through Family Law Information Centres, located in Ontario’s Family Courts.
Individuals with the Ministry create opportunities to engage with a variety of audiences, including business associations, victims’ organizations and students, to create increased public awareness of the justice system and encourage dialogue.
Ministry of Education & The Deputy Minister of Education
The Ministry of Education determines the broad outlines for Ontario education. The Ministry's Curriculum and Assessment Policy Branch, and French Language Education Program and Policy Branch are responsible for developing curriculum policy and support, and determining provincial standards for student achievement. District school boards and teachers are responsible for the implementation of the curriculum.
The Ministry's Code of Conduct for Ontario schools, together with the Safe Schools Act, sets standards for school communities. 'Choices into Action', the Ministry's guidance and career education program policy document, describes a set of learning competencies to be woven throughout the curriculum intended to foster the acquisition of interpersonal skills based on tolerance and respect, responsible citizenship, and social responsibility.
Within the elementary and secondary curriculum there are learning expectations relating to civic responsibility, dispute resolution, and law-related issues, including a compulsory half credit course in Grade 10 Civics found within the Grade 9 and 10 Canadian and World Studies curriculum policy document. Students also have the option of taking law courses in Grade 11 and 12. Course profiles for these courses are available through the Ontario Curriculum Clearinghouse at www.curriculum.org.
Specific links to the Ontario elementary and secondary curriculum can be found on the Ministry of Education website.
The Law Foundation of Ontario
The Law Foundation of Ontario was established in 1974, to create and maintain a fund to be used for legal education and legal research, legal aid, and the establishment, operation and maintenance of law libraries in Ontario. The Law Foundation is funded by interest earned on lawyers' mixed trust accounts.
The Law Foundation’s purpose is to advance legal knowledge and to facilitate public access to legal services in Ontario, specifically:
- Making grants to Legal Aid Ontario in accordance with statutory provisions
- Awarding grants to organizations for law related projects and programs
- Maintaining a fund for future grants to assure stability for renewable discretionary grants
- Investing monies not immediately disbursed in marketable securities to maximize income
- Negotiating with financial institutions so as to obtain a fair rate of return on lawyers' mixed trust accounts
- Managing the programmatic, financial and administrative affairs of the Foundation with efficiency, effectiveness and economy
- The Law Foundation makes grants for many public legal education initiatives, delivered through a wide variety of programs such as OJEN, Law Day/Law Week, Canadian Civil Liberties Education Trust, Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth and the Law, Volunteer Lawyers Service, Pro Bono Law Ontario, and Pro Bono Students Canada.
The Law Foundation funds front-line delivery of public legal education through program and project funding for the creation and provision of informational materials, seminars, workshops, conferences, “train the trainers” programs, development of websites, production of videos, etc. It also funds research initiatives into important areas of law, particularly areas where access to the justice system is traditionally limited.
Legal Aid Ontario
Legal Aid Ontario (LAO) is an independent agency established in 1998 by the Government of Ontario to provide legal services to low income Ontarians. It provides legal assistance through legal aid certificates, duty counsel services (lawyers available in the courtroom to people without legal representation), community legal clinics and student legal aid societies
Legal aid is available to people for criminal matters, family disputes, immigration and refugee hearings and poverty law issues such as landlord/tenant disputes, disability support and family benefits payments. LAO has 51 area offices across the province where clients can apply for a legal aid certificate. Legal Aid certificates enable clients to retain and receive legal services from participating private bar lawyers, who are then paid by LAO.
LAO also funds 79 community legal clinics across Ontario. The clinics are independent non- profit organizations governed by elected volunteer boards of directors chosen from their communities. Community legal clinics provide services to address the unique legal needs of low-income people and communities, including public legal education.
LAO supports and funds student legal aid service societies, which are located at the six Ontario universities that have law schools. Under the responsibility of the dean of the law school, these societies provide legal advice and representation in matters suitable for law students under the supervision of lawyers. Law students either volunteer or receive an academic credit for their time in these student clinics.
Law Society of Upper Canada
The Law Society of Upper Canada exists to govern the legal profession in the public interest by ensuring that the people of Ontario are served by lawyers who meet high standards of learning, competence and professional conduct; and by upholding the independence, integrity and honour of the legal profession; for the purpose of advancing the cause of justice and the rule of law.
As a regulatory body for lawyers, the Law Society provides a range of services to support the professional development and competence of Ontario lawyers, and enforces rules of practice and conduct mandated under the Law Society Act.
The Law Society also:
- Educates the public about its role through brochures, media relations, its web site, and through programs such as the Equity and Diversity Mentorship Program.
- Offers information in the “For the Public” portion of its website on how to find a lawyer, obtain legal aid services, and register a formal complaint.
- Operates a Lawyer Referral Service (LRS) at 1-900-565-4LRS (4577). For $6.00, callers are connected to a lawyer in the relevant field of law, who provides up to a half hour consultation at no charge.
- Participates in joint public awareness initiatives and hosts numerous public education sessions during Black History Month, Access Awareness Week, National Aboriginal Day and other events to raise public awareness of, and discussion on equity and diversity challenges and opportunities in the legal profession.
The Minister of Justice & Attorney General of Canada/Department of Justice
The mandate of the Department of Justice (DOJ) is to provide the Government of Canada and federal departments and agencies with high quality legal services; have superintendence of all matters connected with the administration of justice in Canada and not within provincial or territorial jurisdiction (such as criminal prosecutions in Canada’s territories); and implement policy and program initiatives in this context with a view to ensuring that Canada is a fair, just and law abiding society with an accessible, equitable, efficient and effective system of justice.
Public Legal Education and Information (PLEI) is an essential means through which the DOJ can fulfill the latter part of its mandate and achieve these goals using information and education activities. PLEI can create opportunities for people to become aware of changes in the law, engaged in the justice system at different levels, and support those already involved in the system to make appropriate and informed decisions.
DOJ is also responsible for prosecuting federal offences across Canada, and litigating civil cases by or on behalf of the federal Crown.
The Advocates’ Society
The Advocates’ Society is a professional association for advocates, with some 3000 members throughout Ontario. The Society’s mandate includes teaching the skills of advocacy, other educational programming, the protection of ethical practice standards for advocates, speaking out on justice issues and other issues of concern to advocates in Ontario and to the public, and protecting the independence of the bar and the judiciary.
In accordance with its educational mandate, the Society provides continuing legal education programs to lawyers, students, and other people with an interest in the court system. Amongst its programs is an extensive curriculum of practical skills training delivered not only to members of the Bar, but also to Legal Aid Clinics and various government agencies.
The Society administers the annual Arnup Cup, a provincial moot trial competition between teams of Ontario law students, together with the Sopinka Cup, a national moot trial competition.
The work of the Society also advances the public interest by monitoring access to justice issues. In monitoring these issues, the Society helps to ensure that the integrity of the justice system remains paramount. Through its interventions in matters before the Courts, the Society has spoken out on important issues such as maintaining the public’s right to seek legal advice with the protection of solicitor-client privilege, and on the importance of access to the justice system. The Society regularly comments on legislative changes that affect the administration of justice in Ontario and liaises with the Ministry of the Attorney General and the Law Society of Upper Canada on matters of concern to the justice system and the public.
County & District Law Presidents’ Association
The County and District Law Presidents' Association (CDLPA) membership is made up of the presidents of Ontario’s 46 county law associations lying outside of Toronto. Historically the associations were created to pursue adequate sharing of provincial resources for county law libraries, provide ongoing legal education for their members, and promote access to justice by their local communities through an effective court system. CDLPA was formed in 1980 as a provincial organization that could speak on behalf of the law associations, and was incorporated in 1990.
CDLPA operates a bottom-up governance model with the executive taking direction from the law presidents. Its regionally balanced grass-roots structure provides an effective mechanism for ongoing consultation between the practicing profession and the Law Society, Judiciary, Government and the Public.
CDLPA holds two-day plenary sessions every six months at which the presidents and frequently vice-presidents of the law associations meet for the purpose of debating and giving direction on the issues that face the practicing profession. Subsequent committee representations, written submissions and professional lobbying are undertaken on such issues as Legal Aid Tariff reform, the regulation of paralegals, maintenance and improvement of courthouse facilities, funding of law libraries, Bencher election reform, lender out-sourcing, technological changes in court administration and changes to the Rules of Practice.
Ontario Bar Association
The Ontario Bar Association, a branch of the Canadian Bar Association, is the largest voluntary legal association in Ontario and represents more than 15,000 lawyers, judges and law students. The OBA’s mission is to advance the interests of its diverse membership and to promote the essential role of the legal profession in our society.
The OBA plays an important role as a voice for members of the legal profession in matters involving provincial and federal governments, and to participate in a meaningful way in the public policy process, specifically as it pertains to law reform. The OBA also takes a pro-active role in defending the public interest whenever changes in public policy might infringe on individual rights and freedoms.
The OBA has a strong commitment to public justice activity. Law Day/Law Week, celebrating the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, is the OBA’s largest public legal education program. Law Day/Law Week provides opportunities for the youth and adults of our society to become familiarized with the Canadian legal system, while demonstrating the vital role that lawyers and the judiciary serve in guaranteeing an open, independent and unbiased judicial system.
The Ombudsman of Ontario
The roles and responsibilities of the Ombudsman of Ontario are set out in the Ombudsman Act. The Ombudsman is an Officer of the Provincial Legislature, and is independent and impartial of both the public service and of political parties. The Ombudsman works to ensure fair and accountable provincial government services and promotes accessibility to the justice system. The Ombudsman is responsible for the investigation and resolution of complaints about public administration by governmental organizations. Examples of complaints that may be investigated include birth certificates, health insurance, (OHIP), disability benefits, workplace safety and insurance, spousal or child support (Family Responsibility Office), and student loans (OSAP).
The Ombudsman may also investigate on his “own motion”, system wide or systemic issues that affect people in Ontario. Notable examples include overcrowding in correctional facilities, the Ontario Rental Housing Tribunal’s decision on rent increases based on extraordinary utility costs and the differences between Cancer Care Ontario and the Northern Health Travel Grant.
There are certain types of complaints the Ombudsman cannot investigate. For example, federal governmental matters such as immigration or the Canada Pension Plan, or Municipal government issues such as public housing or garbage collection do not fall under the jurisdiction of the Ombudsman. The Ombudsman has no jurisdiction over the courts or private companies.
All inquiries and investigations are conducted free of charge, in any language and are confidential. Community outreach regarding Ombudsman services is also a strong component of Ombudsman activity. Through the Ombudsman’s Community Education Program, information presentations are available, complemented by “How to Complain Effectively” workshops.
The Ontario History & Social Science Teachers’ Association
The Ontario History & Social Science Teachers' Association (OHASSTA) is a voluntary organization of teachers involved in the teaching of History and Social Science courses from grade 7 to graduation. OHASSTA’s primary purpose is the promotion of professional development for History and Social Science teachers in Ontario.
Professional development activities focus on History, Civics, Economics, Law, Politics, General Social Science, Philosophy and World Religions courses. Members receive regular mailings including OHASSTA’s journal, Rapport, information on new resources and about OHASSTA’s annual fall conference.
OHASSTA members and the executive work closely with the Ministry of Education in the development and review of Ministry policy documents in the area of Canadian and World Studies and in the development of course profiles in History, Civics, Law and Politics.
Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO)
Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) is a community legal clinic dedicated to providing low-income and disadvantaged people in Ontario with the legal information and education they need to understand and exercise their legal rights.
CLEO works with other community legal clinics and a wide range of community organizations to develop and distribute legal information that is accurate and accessible. CLEO is governed by an independent Board of Directors and funded by Legal Aid Ontario and the Department of Justice.
CLEO’s materials address issues in many areas of law, including social assistance, landlord and tenant, refugee and immigration, workers’ rights, criminal, consumer, family, health and disability, seniors and youth justice. Most publications are available in both English and French, and some in other languages as well. CLEO regularly revises its materials to reflect changes in legislation, policy and practice. -You can view, print, and order all of CLEO’s publications from its website at www.cleo.on.ca.
CLEO hosts CLEONet, an online clearinghouse of community legal education materials. CLEONet is a site for community workers and advocates who work with low-income and disadvantaged communities. CLEONet offers information on every-day legal issues which individuals might encounter.
Canadian Civil Liberties Education Trust
The Canadian Civil Liberties Education Trust (CCLET) is a research and educational organization, engaged in teaching about civil liberties. CCLET focuses on helping teachers and students to practice the habits of democracy by thinking relevantly about the dilemmas endemic to life in a democratic society.
Supported by a grant from the Law Foundation of Ontario, CCLET has a two-pronged education program: educating students, and educating teachers:
- The Civil Liberties in the Schools project provides speakers and discussion leaders for classrooms from elementary school through Grade XII, as well as in-school and school board-wide conferences and workshops on a wide variety of civil liberties topics. Activities include Our Fundamental Freedoms annual conferences held in collaboration with the Toronto District School Board. The Civil Liberties in the Schools program is an excellent supplement to the Ontario grade 10 Civics, and grades 11 and 12 law curricula.
- The Teaching Civil Liberties project provides speakers and workshop leaders for Ontario’s faculties of education. Through workshops such as “Hate Speech, Kirpans, and Peanut Butter: Teaching Civil Liberties,” and seminars, and lectures, CCLET works with teachers and pre-service students to help prepare them to deal with the kinds of democratic conflicts that are inevitable in today’s society and in our classrooms.
CCLET also publishes The Fundamentals of Our Fundamental Freedoms, a civil liberties primer by Executive Director, A. Alan Borovoy. The booklet is free to students and teachers upon request.
The Association of Community Legal Clinics of Ontario
The Association of Community Legal Clinics of Ontario: Community legal aid clinics are independent non-profit organizations that receive the bulk of their funding, on an annual basis, from Legal Aid Ontario.
Community clinics address the unique legal needs of low-income people and their communities. There are 60 “general service” clinics, covering each geographic community in the province of Ontario, and, in addition, there are 19 “specialty clinics” serving low-income communities that are not geographically defined (such as the elderly, the disabled, Aboriginals, injured workers, etc.).
Clinics provide a broad array of services to their communities, including traditional casework representation to summary advice, self-help, public legal education, community organizing, test cases and other forms of law reform initiatives.
Public legal education is one of the “core businesses” of community legal clinics. Most clinics employ community legal workers, non-lawyers, whose primary function is educating and organizing low-income individuals and communities regarding their legal rights. Education initiatives include talks to groups such as tenant associations, residents of shelters and hostels, students, sole support moms, and injured workers, written materials and “self help kits,” as well as sophisticated multi-media presentations and radio and television programs.
The Institute for Catholic Education
Since 1986, the Institute for Catholic Education (ICE) has served as a non-profit research and coordinating institute for English Catholic education. The Institute provides a forum in which the Ontario Catholic bishops, parents, teachers, trustees, and board and school administrators of the province cooperate to maintain and enhance the Ontario English Catholic educational system in all its facets and endeavours. The Institute serves to bring all partners in Catholic education to a common table in order to help build community by building consensus and capacity. The Board of Directors of the Institute includes representation from the following seven partners:
- Ontario English Catholic Teachers' Association (OECTA)
- Catholic Principals' Council of Ontario (CPCO)
- Ontario Association of Parents in Catholic Education (OAPCE)
- Ontario Catholic School Trustees' Association (OCSTA)
- Ontario Catholic School Business Officials' Association (OCSBOA)
- Ontario Catholic Supervisory Officers' Association (OCSOA)
- Ontario Conference of Catholic Bishops (OCCB).
The Institute constitutes the major English Catholic channel of communication to the Ontario Ministry of Education (and other external bodies) on curriculum and other educational matters having a provincial scope.
The Institute has partnered with the Ministry of Education, and the Council of Ontario Directors of Education (CODE) in developing curriculum support materials for secondary schools and elementary schools. Course profiles in Grade 10 Civics, Grade 11 Canadian Law and Grade 12 Canadian and International Law have been developed as implementation resources for teachers.
The Ontario Principals’ Council
The Ontario Principals' Council (OPC) is a professional association for practicing principals and vice-principals in Ontario's publicly funded school system. OPC links 5,000 school administrators in a Network that inspires, establishes and supports excellence in public education. As the voice of Ontario's principals and vice-principals, OPC:
- Advocates for students
- Promotes publicly funded education
- Influences education decision making at all levels
- Fosters positive relations among principals and vice-principals and the broader education community
- Works with government, district school boards, school councils and other educational community members to ensure exemplary schools for Ontario's students
- Provides practical advice and legal support to members
- Operates the OPC Centre for Leadership, offering a broad range of professional programs and resources to its members and others.
The Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres
The Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres (OFIFC) is a provincial Aboriginal organization representing the collective interests of twenty-seven member Friendship Centres located in towns and cities throughout the province. The OFIFC administers a number of programs delivered by local Friendship Centres in areas such as health, justice, family support, and employment and training. Friendship Centres also design and deliver local initiatives in areas such as education, economic development, children's and youth initiatives, and cultural awareness.
The Vision of the Aboriginal Friendship Centre Movement is “to improve the quality of life for Aboriginal people living in an urban environment by supporting self-determined activities which encourage equal access to and participation in Canadian Society and which respects Aboriginal cultural distinctiveness.”
Friendship Centres are not-for-profit corporations mandated to serve the needs of all Aboriginal people regardless of legal definition. This necessitates responding to thousands of Aboriginal people requiring culturally-sensitive and culturally-appropriate services in urban communities.
The ESL/ELD Resource Group of Ontario
The ESL/ELD Resource Group of Ontario (ERGO) is an organization of ESL/ELD co-ordinators, consultants, and designated representatives of boards of education, colleges and universities across Ontario dedicated to the improvement of educational opportunities and practices for ESL/ELD students.
ERGO’s goals are to:
- Advocate for ESL/ELD students to ensure that they have equitable access to quality education programs from elementary to post secondary levels
- Provide leadership in the development of Ministry of Education policy and resource documents related to ESL/ELD learners
- Support the implementation of elementary and secondary programs by developing and sharing resources
- Contribute and respond to provincial and federal issues related to ESL/ELD learners
- Provide a forum for discussion and response to issues, initiatives and research
- Provide opportunities for professional development/capacity building
- Provide a provincial network for communication and liaison
The Ontario Council of Law Deans
In conjunction with, and as part of the Council of Canadian Law Deans, the Council of Ontario Law Deans strives to insure the continuing excellence of professional legal education in Ontario’s six law schools. The Council maintains a high level of communication and cooperation with the profession, the judiciary, government, and the public at large regarding legal education in Ontario's law faculties.
The Council examines such issues of common interest as curriculum development, support for legal research, career development, student services, professionalism, government funding for law schools, and tuition and accessibility. The Council meets approximately six times each year. The Dean of each Law School is a member of the Council.
Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants
OCASI acts as a collective voice for immigrant-serving agencies, and coordinates responses to shared needs and concerns. Formed in 1978, OCASI's membership is comprised of more than 170 community-based organizations in the province of Ontario. As a council of autonomous community-based agencies that serve the immigrant communities of Ontario, OCASI asserts the right of all persons to participate fully and equitably in the social, cultural, political and economic life of Ontario. The mission of OCASI is to achieve equality, access and full participation for immigrants and refugees in every aspect of Canadian life.
- OCASI asserts the right of all persons to participate fully and equitably in the social, cultural, political and economic life of Ontario
- OCASI affirms that immigrants and refugees to Canada should be guaranteed equitable access to all services and programs.
- OCASI believes that Canada must be a land of refuge and opportunity, a country known for humanity and justice in its treatment of immigrants and refugees.
- OCASI believes that in cooperation with other groups and communities which promote human rights and struggle against discrimination, OCASI will see these principles realized.
OCASI’s objectives are:
- To act as a collective voice for member agencies serving immigrants in all matters related to immigrants
- To work to improve services provided to immigrants in Ontario
- To act as an advisory and resource body for community service agencies, government and other stakeholders in regard to matters of immigrant services
- To stimulate and conduct research on the needs of immigrants and the effectiveness of services being provided as well as methods of delivery of services
- To encourage the exchange of information among member agencies
The Association of French Speaking Jurists of Ontario
The Association of French Speaking Jurists of Ontario (AJEFO) was founded in 1980. AJEFO members are, among others, lawyers, judges, personnel within the justice administration sector, law students, law professors and others who work to promote and ensure access to justice in French in the courts of Ontario without penalty, delay, obstruction or hesitation.
AJEFO, in co-operation with the coalition of francophone stakeholders, has created Careers in Justice 2005-2008. This new initiative in the justice administration sector aims at informing French-speaking middle and high school students of the various career opportunities related to justice administration, security, and corrections and all other aspects needed for the proper operation of the legal system in Ontario in the French-language. Careers in Justice will allow provincial francophone organizations, as well as upper governmental organizations, define more precisely the needs of community organizations, and to determine provincial and ministries strategies necesary to meet the needs thanks to dialogue and planning relating to French-language services and programs offered in the Ontario justice sector.
The Ontario Business Educators' Association (OBEA)
The Ontario Business Educators' Association was established in 1895, with a mission to contribute to the professional growth of business educators. In many schools, Law classes are part of the Business department and taught by OBEA members. The OBEA works regularly with the Ontario Ministry of Education to develop business studies courses and guidelines. Many OBEA members contribute to the development of business education by collaborating on textbooks and writing curriculum.
The OBEA organizes a Fall and Spring conference each year which connects business educators and profiles new ideas, technology, and curriculum resources. Business educators also exchange insights through the OBEA newsletter and website. The OBEA maintains an online Curriculum Library which profiles resources from the Ministry of Education and is accessible to all teachers.
As part of its programming for students, the OBEA hosts annual contests which challenge students to practice their skills, and develop their confidence, as they participate in province-wide activities. The subject areas which fall under the OBEA include: Law, Business Leadership, Accounting, Interdisciplinary Studies, Economics, Entrepreneurship, International Business, Marketing, and Information & Computer Technology.
The OBEA is a new member of the OJEN Network, and OJEN looks forward to collaborating with the OBEA on upcoming justice education initiatives. For more information visit www.obea.ca