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The office of Justice of the Peace was transplanted from England to Canada in 1763 as a result of the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which decreed that the law of England, both civil and criminal, was to be imposed upon all the territory of what subsequently became Canada.
Despite this common history and despite the superficial similarity, there are differences between the judicial systems of the two nations. These differences may be reflected in the symbols displayed within the courtroom, the organization of the courts and the legal professions, the procedure of the court and the origin and nature of the laws being enforced.
This resource includes various presentations on civil law presented to the Summer Law Institute 2008. These presentations include "Why Does Civil Law Matter - An Introduction to Civil Justice in Ontario from the Deep End" by R. Lee Akazaki; "Analysis of Remedies in Contract/Tort/Equity/Statute" by Jeffrey Radnoff; and "How Canadian Civil Courts Really Work" by Jennifer McAleer.
This resource outlines the differences between civil and criminal trials and provides an overview of a civil action, including statements of claim and defence, discovery and the pre-trial conference and trial. It includes a time chart, courtroom etiquette and preparation guidelines for students playing the roles of plaintiff and defence lawyers, judge, jury member, court clerk, court staff and members of the press. This resource can be used to prepare students for a civil law mock trial or as a handout to provide an overview of civil law claims.
This resource, originally from the OJEN Fall 2009 Charter Challenge, deals with access to legal counsel. Mr. Antonio Provolone does not have legal counsel to proceed to trial on a number of criminal charges, including robbery. His original lawyer withdrew from his case due to illness, and Mr. Provolone has been unable to find a lawyer who will accept a legal aid certificate.
These lesson plans can be used prior to a courthouse visit or a classroom visit from a justice sector professional. Strategies are provided for introducing students to the structure of the justice system in Ontario, as well as tips on courtroom etiquette and interacting with justice sector professionals.
Courtrooms & Classrooms is OJEN's signature program. It is also the umbrella under which related justice education activities take place. The 2006 edition of the Courtrooms & Classrooms manual provides an overview of OJEN and Courtrooms & Classrooms activities, ideas for speaking with students, organizing justice education activities and resources.
This resource outlines the criminal law mock trial process, including a time chart, courtroom etiquette and preparation guidelines for students playing the roles of Crown and defence lawyers, judge, jury member, court clerk, court staff and members of the press. This resource can be used to prepare students for a criminal law mock trial or as a handout to provide an overview of the criminal law process.
A powerpoint overview of the criminal law procedures presented to the Summer Law Institute 2007 by G. Paul Renwick, Assistant Crown Attorney. This presentation provides information on criminal law procedures from the ladder of proof to sentencing orders.
This resource outlines the differences between civil, criminal and family trials and provides an overview of a family law case, including the family court system, the Family Law Rules, bringing an application, motions, pre-trial procedures and the trial. It includes a time chart, courtroom etiquette and preparation guidelines for students playing the roles of the applicant and respondent lawyers, judge, court services officer and court clerk. This resource can be used to prepare students for a family law mock trial or as a handout to provide an overview of family law actions.
Check out our Photo Galleries to see more photos from OJEN programs and events