Font size:

Landmark Case: The Question of Quebec Sovereignty – Reference Re Secession of Quebec

Each OJEN Landmark Case includes a case summary, classroom discussion questions and activities that encourage students to explore both the legal and societal importance of the case.

In 1995, the Parti Quebecois held a referendum to determine whether the residents of Quebec wanted to separate from Canada. A narrow majority of voters opposed secession (50.6% to 49.4%). In response, the federal government submitted three reference questions to the Supreme Court of Canada, requesting an opinion regarding the legality of Quebec’s separation from Canada. The Court unanimously held that Quebec could not unilaterally separate (i.e. without negotiation or consultation with the federal government and provinces) from Canada because it would violate both the Canadian Constitution and international law.

Resource type

Grade level

Subject area

Keep up-to-date with news from OJEN!

OJEN has cleaned its email list in accordance with CASL legislation. If you used to receive our publications, please enter your email address into the box below to check if you are still subscribed.

Your address was not found on our list.

You are already subscribed to OJEN’s newsletter, thank you.